The Nature of Neuroplasticity is an eBook in Deus Ex: Human Revolution. It can be found on a desk in Francis Pritchard's office in the Sarif Industries headquarters. This eBook is required for the Doctorate achievement.
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The term 'neuroplasiticity' literally means the flexibility of the brain to reorganize itself based on the result of experience. Two decades ago, the consensus among cognitive neuroscientists like yourselves was that lower brain and neocortical areas were unable to be changed after development - whereas structures such as memory could be actively altered in areas related to formation of recall.
In a series of cleverly designed experiments, Michael Merzenich proved that somatosensory and auditory sensations—touch and hearing, respectively—can, in fact, be modified through practice. This process of longterm potentiation was further explored in a series of studies in the mid-90s at Southern Illinois University—studies which clearly showed how memories could be enhanced by manipulating neuroplasticity.
Indeed, with the precise timing available to us in today's computers, we can clearly see that enhancement in learning can be applied for areas of the motor cortex, auditory cortex, somatosensory cortex, and hippocampus. Manipulation of neuroplasticity makes it clear that we, as a species, have been blessed with a brain that has an unparallel flexibility to incoporate neuroplasiticity augmentations.